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Guelta d'Archei | Ennedi, Chad

Guelta d'Archei


16° 54' 15.0228" N, 21° 46' 27.408" E

Guelta d'Archei - Photo: schmoot66

The Guelta d'Archei is probably the most famous guelta in the Sahara. A guelta is a peculiar type of wetland, typical of desert regions. They are formed when underground water in lowland depressions spills to the surface and creates permanent pools and reservoirs.

Guelta d'Archei is located in the Ennedi Plateau, in north-eastern Chad, south-east of the town of Fada. The Guelta d'Archei is inhabited by several kinds of animals, most notably the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus Laurenti). Middle Holocene remains, as well as rock paintings, indicate that this species once thrived across most of today's Sahara Desert and in swamps and rivers along South Mediterranean shores. The small group of surviving crocodiles in the Guelta d'Archei represent one of the last colonies known in the Sahara today; the Tagant Plateau colony in Mauritania has likely been extinct since 1996.

The Guelta d'Archei is a barren place, away from beaten paths: it requires a 4x4 and is at least 4 days' travel from n'Djamena, the Chad capital. The place depicted in the picture can only be reached by a few hours trek from the nearest point a 4x4 can approach.

More infos: Wikipedia

Guelta d'Archei

Guelta d'Archei - Photo: Nicola Amapane

Guelta d'Archei

Guelta d'Archei - Photo: josephescu

Guelta d'Archei

Guelta d'Archei - Photo: Fouderg

Guelta d'Archei

Guelta d'Archei - Photo: escandio

SUBMITTED ON 10.23.2013.